원도우 hosts 파일 변경 방법

Windows | 2010.08.29 15:50 | 컴질닷컴 Vash




원도우 hosts 파일 변경 방법

가끔 원도우를 사용하다가 보면 hosts를 변경할 일이 있습니다.


해당 파일이 위치하는 경로는.
C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc

여기입니다.

알약에서도 이 호스트를 변경할 수 있는데..  알약은 일일이 하나 하나 입력해야하기에 불편합니다.


아래 캡쳐를 참고하세요,.


C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc

여기 경로에 있는 파일들을 보면 원도우가 서비스하는데 중요한 정보들이 있습니다.


hosts
# Copyright (c) 1993-2006 Microsoft Corp.
#
# This is a sample HOSTS file used by Microsoft TCP/IP for Windows.
#
# This file contains the mappings of IP addresses to host names. Each
# entry should be kept on an individual line. The IP address should
# be placed in the first column followed by the corresponding host name.
# The IP address and the host name should be separated by at least one
# space.
#
# Additionally, comments (such as these) may be inserted on individual
# lines or following the machine name denoted by a '#' symbol.
#
# For example:
#
#      102.54.94.97     rhino.acme.com          # source server
#       38.25.63.10     x.acme.com              # x client host




protocol
# Copyright (c) 1993-1999 Microsoft Corp.
#
# This file contains the Internet protocols as defined by RFC 1700
# (Assigned Numbers).
#
# Format:
#
# <protocol name>  <assigned number>  [aliases...]   [#<comment>]

ip       0     IP       # Internet protocol
icmp     1     ICMP     # Internet control message protocol
ggp      3     GGP      # Gateway-gateway protocol
tcp      6     TCP      # Transmission control protocol
egp      8     EGP      # Exterior gateway protocol
pup      12    PUP      # PARC universal packet protocol
udp      17    UDP      # User datagram protocol
hmp      20    HMP      # Host monitoring protocol
xns-idp  22    XNS-IDP  # Xerox NS IDP
rdp      27    RDP      # "reliable datagram" protocol
rvd      66    RVD      # MIT remote virtual disk



services

# Copyright (c) 1993-1999 Microsoft Corp.
#
# This file contains port numbers for well-known services defined by IANA
#
# Format:
#
# <service name>  <port number>/<protocol>  [aliases...]   [#<comment>]
#

echo                7/tcp
echo                7/udp
discard             9/tcp    sink null
discard             9/udp    sink null
systat             11/tcp    users                  #Active users
systat             11/tcp    users                  #Active users
daytime            13/tcp
daytime            13/udp
qotd               17/tcp    quote                  #Quote of the day
qotd               17/udp    quote                  #Quote of the day
chargen            19/tcp    ttytst source          #Character generator
chargen            19/udp    ttytst source          #Character generator
ftp-data           20/tcp                           #FTP, data
ftp                21/tcp                           #FTP. control
telnet             23/tcp
smtp               25/tcp    mail                   #Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
time               37/tcp    timserver
time               37/udp    timserver
rlp                39/udp    resource               #Resource Location Protocol
nameserver         42/tcp    name                   #Host Name Server
nameserver         42/udp    name                   #Host Name Server
nicname            43/tcp    whois
domain             53/tcp                           #Domain Name Server
domain             53/udp                           #Domain Name Server
bootps             67/udp    dhcps                  #Bootstrap Protocol Server
bootpc             68/udp    dhcpc                  #Bootstrap Protocol Client
tftp               69/udp                           #Trivial File Transfer
gopher             70/tcp
finger             79/tcp
http               80/tcp    www www-http           #World Wide Web
kerberos           88/tcp    krb5 kerberos-sec      #Kerberos
kerberos           88/udp    krb5 kerberos-sec      #Kerberos
hostname          101/tcp    hostnames              #NIC Host Name Server
iso-tsap          102/tcp                           #ISO-TSAP Class 0
rtelnet           107/tcp                           #Remote Telnet Service
pop2              109/tcp    postoffice             #Post Office Protocol - Version 2
pop3              110/tcp                           #Post Office Protocol - Version 3
sunrpc            111/tcp    rpcbind portmap        #SUN Remote Procedure Call
sunrpc            111/udp    rpcbind portmap        #SUN Remote Procedure Call
auth              113/tcp    ident tap              #Identification Protocol
uucp-path         117/tcp
nntp              119/tcp    usenet                 #Network News Transfer Protocol
ntp               123/udp                           #Network Time Protocol
epmap             135/tcp    loc-srv                #DCE endpoint resolution
epmap             135/udp    loc-srv                #DCE endpoint resolution
netbios-ns        137/tcp    nbname                 #NETBIOS Name Service
netbios-ns        137/udp    nbname                 #NETBIOS Name Service
netbios-dgm       138/udp    nbdatagram             #NETBIOS Datagram Service
netbios-ssn       139/tcp    nbsession              #NETBIOS Session Service
imap              143/tcp    imap4                  #Internet Message Access Protocol
pcmail-srv        158/tcp                           #PCMail Server
snmp              161/udp                           #SNMP
snmptrap          162/udp    snmp-trap              #SNMP trap
print-srv         170/tcp                           #Network PostScript
bgp               179/tcp                           #Border Gateway Protocol
irc               194/tcp                           #Internet Relay Chat Protocol       
ipx               213/udp                           #IPX over IP
ldap              389/tcp                           #Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
https             443/tcp    MCom
https             443/udp    MCom
microsoft-ds      445/tcp
microsoft-ds      445/udp
kpasswd           464/tcp                           # Kerberos (v5)
kpasswd           464/udp                           # Kerberos (v5)
isakmp            500/udp    ike                    #Internet Key Exchange
exec              512/tcp                           #Remote Process Execution
biff              512/udp    comsat
login             513/tcp                           #Remote Login
who               513/udp    whod
cmd               514/tcp    shell
syslog            514/udp
printer           515/tcp    spooler
talk              517/udp
ntalk             518/udp
efs               520/tcp                           #Extended File Name Server
router            520/udp    route routed
timed             525/udp    timeserver
tempo             526/tcp    newdate
courier           530/tcp    rpc
conference        531/tcp    chat
netnews           532/tcp    readnews
netwall           533/udp                           #For emergency broadcasts
uucp              540/tcp    uucpd
klogin            543/tcp                           #Kerberos login
kshell            544/tcp    krcmd                  #Kerberos remote shell
new-rwho          550/udp    new-who
remotefs          556/tcp    rfs rfs_server
rmonitor          560/udp    rmonitord
monitor           561/udp
ldaps             636/tcp    sldap                  #LDAP over TLS/SSL
doom              666/tcp                           #Doom Id Software
doom              666/udp                           #Doom Id Software
kerberos-adm      749/tcp                           #Kerberos administration
kerberos-adm      749/udp                           #Kerberos administration
kerberos-iv       750/udp                           #Kerberos version IV
kpop             1109/tcp                           #Kerberos POP
phone            1167/udp                           #Conference calling
ms-sql-s         1433/tcp                           #Microsoft-SQL-Server
ms-sql-s         1433/udp                           #Microsoft-SQL-Server
ms-sql-m         1434/tcp                           #Microsoft-SQL-Monitor
ms-sql-m         1434/udp                           #Microsoft-SQL-Monitor               
wins             1512/tcp                           #Microsoft Windows Internet Name Service
wins             1512/udp                           #Microsoft Windows Internet Name Service
ingreslock       1524/tcp    ingres
l2tp             1701/udp                           #Layer Two Tunneling Protocol
pptp             1723/tcp                           #Point-to-point tunnelling protocol
radius           1812/udp                           #RADIUS authentication protocol
radacct          1813/udp                           #RADIUS accounting protocol
nfsd             2049/udp    nfs                    #NFS server
knetd            2053/tcp                           #Kerberos de-multiplexor
man              9535/tcp                           #Remote Man Server



서비스 부분을 보면 해당 서비스와 사용하는 포트를 볼 수 있습니다.


참고하세요.



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